New standard for interlocking devices

SICK Pty Ltd

Friday, 08 July, 2016


New standard for interlocking devices

Since the end of 2013, the new global standard EN ISO 14119 (Safety of machinery – Interlocking devices associated with guards – Principles for design and selection) has been taking the place of the former European standard EN 1088, subject to a transitional period of 18 months. The scope of EN ISO 14119 in fact extends to all machines that use interlocking physical guard (eg, protective doors).

The new standard defines various types of interlocking devices, as well as outlining the differences between physical operating principles and actuating principles and introducing a qualitative assessment for actuator coding. It also gives manufacturers of both machines and interlocking devices useful information on designing interlocking devices and mounting them in a way that prevents manipulation.

What’s changed?

In the new EN ISO 14119 standard, the focus is firmly on ways in which potential manipulation can be reduced. It provides a methodology for evaluating the motivation to defeat interlocks and a selection of preventive measures where these are necessary, divided into general measures (relating to the interlocking device) and additional design measures (relating to the machine). The information defines and distinguishes between four interlocking device types, which are used according to the actuation method in question (mechanical or non-contact). Based on these four types and the applicable actuator coding level, necessary or recommended measures are derived for mounting or testing purposes. The description of the advantages and disadvantages offered by each type of technology makes it easier to design and select interlocking devices.

Compliant with the standard, yet flexible: STR1 and TR10 Lock

In line with the launch of the new standard, industrial sensor manufacturer SICK has modelled its portfolio of safety switch products by introducing the STR1 transponder safety switch and the transponder-monitored TR10 Lock safety locking device, providing locking devices that conform to EN ISO 14119 design type four.

The devices are available with a coding level that is as low or as high as is dictated by the coding requirements. Depending on the coding level, the STR1 safety switch and TR10 Lock now enable machine manufacturers to dispense with the need for additional mounting steps such as concealed mounting, mounting outside the scanning range or an additional interlocking device for plausibility checking purposes.

The STR1 features a compact VISTAL housing that ensures good mechanical stability. Eelectromagnetic compatibility (EMC) provides the safety switch with additional ruggedness, as well as enabling a high level of machine availability to be maintained. Three actuators in different sizes, three active sensor surfaces and up to four actuator configurations open up almost unlimited mounting possibilities and make the product flexible and easy to integrate.

The STR1 and TR10 Lock also feature self-monitoring semiconductor outputs (OSSD) which detect any errors that occur and ensure high levels of safety at performance level PL e (EN ISO 13849). The safety switches can be used individually or in series, either directly using T-distributors or with the innovative Flexi Loop safe sensor cascade. Due to the available coding types (universal, unique and permanent), the products both offer good protection against manipulation. The outputs detect occurring errors, ensuring a safe yet flexible design.

SICK offers a white paper on the subject of designing and selecting interlocking devices in line with the new EN ISO 14119 standard. It is available to download at www.sick.com/whitepaper_id

Image courtesy SICK

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